This page shows the source for this entry, with WebCore formatting language tags and attributes highlighted.
This is a running list of vocabulary words I've encountered in my reading over the last several years. I use the vocabulary-list feature on my Kindle to collect words, then export them from the Sqlite database with a simple SQL. From there, I have a text file with words that I combine with my existing list, deduplicate and then re-apply formatting to generate the text below. I will occasionally update this list. <info>Where a word (e.g. "reef") has a common definition, I've left it off, preferring to include the more-unusual or rarer definitions.</info> <ol> <b>a-signifying</b> -- Incidentally meaningful semiotics; effective but not directly connected to intent, meaning or significance (e.g. <a href="https://larvalsubjects.wordpress.com/2011/01/26/a-signifying-semiotics/">purchase-history--based recommendations</a>) <b>ablative</b> -- Related to removal through melting or evaporation <b>abrogation</b> -- To abolish or annul, esp. by an authority <b>accidie</b> -- Spiritual sloth; apathy; indifference <b>acidulous</b> -- Slightly acrid in taste or manner <b>acrostic</b> -- Poem or text where the first letters of each line form a message <b>adamant</b> -- <i>(n):</i> Extremely hard substance <b>adenoidal</b> -- Nasal in tone <b>adiabatic</b> -- Occurring without gain or loss of heat <b>adjunct</b> -- Added or connected in a subordinate or auxiliary capacity <b>adumbrate</b> -- To give a sketchy outline <b>aerostat</b> -- A lighter-than-air vehicle, like a balloon or dirigible <b>aesculapian</b> -- Related to the art of medicine <b>aesthete</b> -- A person who is unusually sensitive to beauty in art or nature <b>aetiology</b> -- The philosophy or study of causation <b>affray</b> -- A riot; a large group fighting <b>aga</b> -- leader (civil or military) in the Ottoman empire <b>agitprop</b> -- subversive writing; see samizdat <b>agnatology</b> -- the study of culturally-induced ignorance <b>aiguillette</b> -- An ornamental cord worn on the shoulder of a military uniform <b>akrasia</b> -- Weakness of will; acting contrary to one’s moral values <b>Albion</b> -- Britain or England <b>alee</b> -- On the leeward side <b>alembic</b> -- Distilling apparatus consisting of two vessels and a tube <b>amanuensis</b> -- Assistant <b>amethyst</b> -- Purple or violet quartz <b>amphisbaena</b> -- Mythical Greek ant-eating serpent with a head at each end <b>anaclitic</b> -- Psychologically dependent on others <b>analysand</b> -- A person who is being psychoanalyzed <b>anastomosis</b> -- Connection of parts of a branching system to form a network (e.g. blood vessels or rivers) <b>anfract</b> -- [definition unknown] (from <i>Umberto Eco</i>, <i>The Island of the Day Before</i> (<iq>[...] following its rifts and anfracts, past corridors of chalk in which vinous harlequins were stuck</iq>) <b>anhedonia</b> -- Inability to express pleasure <b>anile</b> -- unable to think clearly or infirm because of old age <b>anisotropic</b> -- Having properties that differ based on the direction of measurement (e.g. oval) <b>anodyne</b> -- Uncontentious or inoffensive <b>anoesis</b> -- Absence of thought (anoetic) <b>anorectic</b> -- Marked by loss of appetite (anorexic) <b>anserine</b> -- Goose-like <b>anterior</b> -- Before or in front of; previously <b>antimacassar</b> -- A protective and often decorative covering for the back or arms of a chair or sofa. <b>antinomian</b> -- One who denies the fixed meaning or universal applicability of moral law <b>antipodes</b> -- Group of rocky island near New Zealand, almost directly opposite Greenwich, England <b>apodictic</b> -- Logically certain; demonstrably true or false <b>apophenia</b> -- Seeing patterns in randomness <b>aporia</b> -- A state of being at a loss; a statement to that effect <b>Aposematic</b> -- Having bright, colorful markings that warn predators of poison <b>apostasy</b> -- Abandonment of one’s religious faith, party or a cause <b>apothegm</b> -- A maxim <b>apotheosis</b> -- Deification; exaltation to divine rank (nirvana) <b>apotropaic</b> -- Intended to ward off evil <b>appanage</b> -- Provision (usually land) granted (usually to a family member) as a source of revenue <b>apperception</b> -- Conscious perception with full awareness <b>apposite</b> -- Appropriate or relevant <b>approbation</b> -- Official approval <b>appurtenance</b> -- 1. appendage; 2. gear <b>arbalest</b> -- Crossbow-like missile launcher <b>architrave</b> -- The lintel or beam lying across two columns <b>arcology</b> -- A portmanteau of architecture" and "ecology", a very densely populated habitat (page 231 of Reamde) <b>armamentarium</b> -- The complete range of materials available or used for a task. <b>armet</b> -- A late-medieval light helmet with a neck guard and movable visor. <b>armillary</b> -- Of or relating to the arm (e.g. bracelets) <b>arquebus</b> -- A portable, long-barrelled gun, predecessor to the rifle <b>arras</b> -- A tapestry, wall hanging or curtain (usually Flemish) <b>arreptitious</b> -- Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained <b>artilect</b> -- A machine or robot possessing artificial intelligence <b>asafetida</b> -- A plant common to Iran and Afghanistan; produces a brownish, strong-smelling resin <b>asseveration</b> -- A positive and emphatic declaration <b>assignation</b> -- A tryst <b>astragal</b> -- A molding that covers a gap (usually to prevent airflow) <b>ataraxia</b> -- A calm of mind; serenity <b>ataxic</b> -- Loss of the ability to coordinate muscle movement (Lucky Jim) <b>Ativan</b> -- Tranquilizer; trade name for lorazepam <b>atrabilious</b> -- Melancholy; peevish; surly <b>attenuate</b> -- To become slender, fine or small <b>autarky</b> -- Quality of being self-sufficient, as in a state or economy <b>autochthonous</b> -- Local; native <b>autolatrous</b> -- Self-worshiping <b>autopoiesis</b> -- A closed system capable of creating itself <b>autotelic</b> -- Having a purpose in and justifying itself <b>avariciously</b> -- Greedily, immoderately so <b>aventurine</b> -- A form of quartz; green; translucent with a shimmering or glistening effect <b>avulsion</b> -- The forcible tearing away of a body part; change in landscape due to flooding or riverbed changes <b>baize</b> -- Coarse woolen cloth (used e,g, to cover snooker or billiard tables) <b>balboa</b> -- The official currency of Panama <b>baldachin</b> -- A canopy of state over an altar or throne <b>ballista</b> -- Medieval field weapon similar to a crossbow (heavy projectiles) <b>bast</b> -- The phloem of a plant (bast fiber) <b>bastinado</b> -- A beating on the soles of the feet <b>Batavia</b> -- A former name for Jakarta <b>bathetic</b> -- Portmanteau of bathos and pathetic (anticlimactic, banal, trite) <b>batrachian</b> -- An amphibian, esp. a frog or a salamander <b>baulk</b> -- Line from which croquet, snooker, billiard ball is put into play (or the area behind it) <b>beadle</b> -- Church usher <b>beignet</b> -- A square doughnut without a hole; a fritter <b>beldam</b> -- A hag <b>belie</b> -- To misrepresent <b>benthic</b> -- Of or pertaining to the bottom of a body of water <b>besom</b> -- Twigs tied to a handle to make a broom <b>bezoar</b> -- hard, indigestible mass food in the stomach or intestines <b>bight</b> -- A loop in a rope; a wide bay characterized by a bend or curve <b>bilious</b> -- Peevish; ill-humored <b>biretta</b> -- Square hat worn by ecclesiastics, with three or four ridges on the brow <b>bitts</b> -- A post on the deck of a ship to which ropes or cables are secured <b>blackleg</b> -- 1. A livestock or plant disease, usually fatal. 2. A cardsharp <b>bloater</b> -- A large mackerel or herring, salted, smoked and dried <b>bodkin</b> -- A long needle or awl; a dagger or stiletto <b>bolster</b> -- A long, narrow pillow or cushion <b>boracic</b> -- Having no money; Brit. slang <b>borage</b> -- Southern European bristly herb with blue or purplish, star-shaped flowers <b>bothy</b> -- Small hut or cottage (Scot.) <b>boustrophedonic</b> -- A script that is simultaneously left-to-right and right-to-left <b>bowdlerize</b> -- To expurgate literary material; to censor <b>bract</b> -- A leaflike or scalelike plant part, usually small, sometimes showy or brightly colored, and located just below a flower, a flower stalk, or an inflorescence <b>bradycardia</b> -- Slowness of the heart rate (usually less than 60BPM) <b>brassica</b> -- Genus that includes cabbage, swede, rape and mustard <b>breechclout</b> -- A loincloth <b>breezeway</b> -- An enclosure joining two parts of a building (e.g. a house and its garage) <b>brigandine</b> -- Flexible body armor covered in cloth <b>bromidrosis</b> -- Body odor <b>bruit</b> -- A din or clamor <b>brume</b> -- Fog or mist <b>burgeon</b> -- To begin to grow or blossom (to put forth buds) <b>buttonholer</b> -- Someone who accosts or detains (a person) in conversation <b>cabochon</b> -- A highly polished, convex-cut, unfaceted gem <b>cadastral</b> -- A public register showing details of ownership of the real property in a district, including boundaries and tax assessments <b>caduceus</b> -- A herald’s wand or staff (usually refers to the two serpents logo of Hermes’s staff used by the medical profession) <b>cafard</b> -- A feeling of severe depression (from the French, literally hypocrite, cockroach) <b>caique</b> -- A long narrow rowboat traditionally used on the Bosporus. <b>caisson</b> -- A watertight structure for performing work or repairs under water <b>caitiff</b> -- A despicable coward; a wretch <b>caleche</b> -- A light two- or four-wheeled horse-draw carriage <b>calenture</b> -- A tropical fever thought to be caused by heat; similar to sunstroke <b>caliginous</b> -- Dark, misty and gloomy <b>callipygian</b> -- Relating to or having buttocks that are considered beautifully proportioned <b>callow</b> -- Immature <b>calque</b> -- To make a loan translation from (a word in another language) <b>caltrop</b> -- Metal spikes thrown across a road <b>calvados</b> -- A French brandy made from apples. <b>canaille</b> -- The common people; the masses; the hoi polloi <b>canescent</b> -- Turning white or grayish; becoming hoary <b>cannula</b> -- A tube inserted into a body cavity (e.g. a nose tube) <b>cantrip</b> -- A deceptive move; a sham <b>caoutchouc</b> -- Untreated rubber <b>caparison</b> -- Fancy dress or ornamentation for a man or horse (or to make fancy by decorating in this way) <b>capsid</b> -- A virus’s protein coat <b>captious</b> -- Nitpicky; deliberately confusing; underhanded debating tactics <b>caracole</b> -- A half-turn performed by a horse and rider (or to perform same) <b>caravansary</b> -- An inn built around a large court for accommodating caravans (mostly in Asia) <b>casuistical</b> -- Specious reasoning intended to mislead <b>catafalque</b> -- A funeral bier <b>catastasis</b> -- The part of a drama immediately preceding the climax <b>catawampus</b> -- Skewed, twisted <b>catechumen</b> -- A novice; one who is being instructed at an elementary level <b>catenary</b> -- The curve formed by a cable suspended by its endpoints <b>caudal</b> -- Situated beneath or on the underside; inferior; opposite of anterior <b>cautery</b> -- The act or process or cauterizing (or an agent used to cauterize) <b>cavil</b> -- To quibble <b>cenotaph</b> -- A monument honoring a person buried elsewhere <b>chaff</b> -- Trivial or worthless matter; dry bracts of seeds, removed during threshing; metal bits emitted by a plane to foil radar <b>chalcedony</b> -- A translucent to transparent milky or grayish quartz <b>chancellery</b> -- The rank, position, office or department of a chancellor <b>chandler</b> -- One that makes or sells candles <b>chaparral</b> -- An area covered by a dense growth of mostly small-leaved evergreen shrubs <b>charivari</b> -- An elaborate, noisy celebration, often mocking (page 508 of the Idiot) <b>chary</b> -- 1. Very cautious; wary; 2. Not giving or expending freely; sparing <b>chautauqua</b> -- A summer school or educational meeting held in the summer <b>chiaroscuro</b> -- The technique of using light and shade in pictorial representation <b>chiasmus</b> -- A rhetorical inversion of the second of two parallel structures, as in "Each throat / Was parched, and glazed each eye" (Samuel Taylor Coleridge). <b>chilblain</b> -- An inflammation followed by itchy irritation on the hands, feet, or ears, resulting from exposure to moist cold <b>chimerical</b> -- Highly improbable or illusory <b>chine</b> -- 1. The backbone or spine, esp. of an animal; 2. a cut of meat containing same <b>chintz</b> -- A printed and glazed cotton fabric, usually of bright colors <b>Chiron</b> -- The wise centaur who tutored Achilles, Hercules, and Asclepius <b>chiropodist</b> -- A podiatrist or foot doctor <b>chiton</b> -- 1. A mollusk that lives on rocks and has a shell consisting of eight overlapping calcareous plates. Also called sea cradle or coat-of-mail shell; 2. A tunic worn by men and women in ancient Greece <b>cholecystitis</b> -- Inflammation of the gallbladder <b>chyron</b> -- A graphic that is digitally superimposed over the lower portion of a broadcast television image, often scrolling or otherwise animated <b>circumvallate</b> -- Encircle as with a rampart <b>cisalpine</b> -- Relating to, living on, or coming from the southern side of the Alps <b>cislunar</b> -- Of or relating to the space between the earth and the moon <b>clabber</b> -- Sour, curdled milk; to curdle <b>clapboard</b> -- 1. A long thin timber board with one edge thicker than the other, used in wood-frame construction by lapping each board over the one below; 2. a house made of same <b>cloistered</b> -- Secluded or shut up from the world <b>clotted cream</b> -- A thick cream made primarily in England by heating milk until a layer of cream forms on its surface that is then cooled and skimmed off <b>clyster</b> -- An enema <b>codon</b> -- A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis <b>coffle</b> -- A line of animals or slaves, chained together <b>colliery</b> -- A coal mine together with its physical plant and outbuildings <b>colloidal</b> -- A liquid within which very fine particles are evenly distributed so that they stay suspended <b>colloquy</b> -- Written dialogue <b>coloratura</b> -- Vocal music characterized by florid ornamental passages <b>colporteur</b> -- A peddler of devotional literature <b>colubra</b> -- A female snake <b>colubrine</b> -- Serpentine <b>Columbine</b> -- A flower from the buttercup family <b>communard</b> -- One who lives in a commune <b>compendious</b> -- Containing or stating briefly all the essentials of something; comprehensive and concise <b>comprador</b> -- A person who acts as an agent for foreign organizations engaged in investment, trade, or economic or political exploitation <b>concupiscent</b> -- Lascivious <b>condign</b> -- Deserved; adequate <b>congeries</b> -- A collection <b>conjunctivitis</b> -- Inflammation of the conjunctiva, characterized by redness and often accompanied by a discharge <b>consilience</b> -- A chance happening or coincidence <b>contemn</b> -- To view with contempt; despise <b>contra mundum</b> -- Against the world; in defiance of all general opinion <b>contretemps</b> -- 1. An inopportune or embarrassing occurrence or situation; 2. an argument or dispute <b>contumacious</b> -- Anti-authoritarian <b>contumely</b> -- Rudeness or contempt arising from arrogance; insolence <b>conurbation</b> -- A predominantly urban region including adjacent towns and suburbs; a metropolitan area <b>convolvulus</b> -- Any typically twining herbaceous convolvulaceous plant of the genus Convolvulus, having funnel-shaped flowers and triangular leaves <b>copula</b> -- The word or set of words that serves as a link between the subject and predicate of a proposition <b>coracle</b> -- A small, rounded, primitive boat (stretched skin over wooden frame) <b>corse</b> -- A corpse (<i>archaic</i>) <b>corybantic</b> -- To dance in a fashion similar to rites for the Phrygian goddess Cybele, celebrated with music and ecstatic dances <b>cotise</b> -- A narrow stripe that usually occurs as one of a pair, with each stripe occurring on either side of a bend, fess, or other charge in heraldry <b>crepuscular</b> -- Resembling twilight; dim; active at twilight (from <i>Reamde</i>) <b>cresset</b> -- A metal cup, often suspended on a pole, containing burning oil or pitch and used as a torch <b>cretonne</b> -- A heavy unglazed cotton, linen, or rayon fabric, colorfully printed and used for draperies and slipcovers <b>crim</b> -- Short for criminal <b>crotchet</b> -- An odd, whimsical, perverse or stubborn notion <b>cuirass</b> -- A piece of armor for protecting the breast and back, often consisting of two pieces fastened together <b>cuirassier</b> -- A horse soldier in European armies whose equipment included the cuirass <b>culverin</b> -- 1. An early, crudely made musket; 1. A long heavy cannon used in the 16th and 17th centuries <b>cunctation</b> -- Procrastination; delay <b>cupidity</b> -- Excessive desire, esp. for wealth; covetousness or avarice <b>curlew</b> -- Any of several brownish, long-legged shorebirds of the genus Numenius, having long, slender, downward-curving bills <b>cuspidor</b> -- spittoon; a large bowl, often of metal, serving as a receptacle for spit, esp. from chewing tobacco <b>cutis</b> -- The dermis and epidermis of the skin together <b>cynosure</b> -- Focal point of attention or admiration <b>dacoit</b> -- A member of a robber band or gang in South Asia <b>dag</b> -- Hanging fur matted with mud <b>damask</b> -- 1. A rich patterned fabric of cotton, linen, silk, or wool; 2. the wavy pattern on Damascus steel <b>deadhead</b> -- To remove dead flowers from a bush <b>debauch</b> -- To corrupt morally; to seduce <b>debility</b> -- Being weak or infirm <b>decrepicate</b> -- To make a crackling sound when roasted (crystals or salts) <b>defalcation</b> -- Misuse of funds; embezzlement <b>defeasance</b> -- The voiding of a contract or deed <b>deflagrate</b> -- To burn or cause to burn with great heat and intense light <b>deictic</b> -- Directly proving by argument <b>delation</b> -- The act of conveying; carriage (<i>obsolete</i>) <b>delator</b> -- An accuser; an informer <b>deliquesce</b> -- 1. To disappear as if by melting; 2. to dissolve and become liquid by absorbing moisture from the air; 3. to branch out into numerous subdivisions that lack a main axis, as the trunk of an elm <b>demesne</b> -- An extensive piece of landed property; an estate <b>demiurge</b> -- A powerful creative force or personality <b>demonym</b> -- Official designation for the inhabitant of a region (see <i>gentilic</i>) <b>deoppilate</b> -- To clear a passage through <b>descant</b> -- 1. An ornamental melody or counterpoint sung or played above a theme; 2. A discussion or discourse on a theme <b>desideratum</b> -- Something considered necessary or highly desirable <b>desquamate</b> -- To shed, peel, or come off in scales. Used of skin <b>desuetude</b> -- A state of disuse or inactivity. <b>dialetheia</b> -- True contradictions (true statements whose opposite is also true) <b>diaphoresis</b> -- Copious perspiration; usu. a condition <b>dieresis</b> -- Diacritical mark indicating a pronounced vowel <b>diffident</b> -- Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid <b>dilatory</b> -- Causing or intended to cause delay <b>dioptric</b> -- Relating to optical refraction; refractive <b>disembogue</b> -- Pour out; be disgorged in quantity <b>disheveled</b> -- Being in loose disarray; unkempt, as hair or clothing <b>dissimulate</b> -- To conceal one's true feelings or intentions <b>dissolute</b> -- Lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices <b>distaff</b> -- Women considered as a group; female <b>divagate</b> -- 1. To wander or drift about; 2. to ramble; digress <b>doolally</b> -- Out of one's mind; crazy <b>doss</b> -- 1. Sleep; rest; 2. a crude or makeshift bed <b>dovecote</b> -- A compartmental structure, often raised on a pole, for housing domesticated pigeons <b>dowager</b> -- 1. A widow who holds a title or property derived from her deceased husband; 2. an elderly woman of high social station <b>doxology</b> -- An expression of praise to God, esp. a short hymn sung as part of a Christian worship service <b>dropsy</b> -- An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity; edema (<i>obsolete</i>) <b>drupe</b> -- A fleshy fruit with a pit (e.g. peach, plum, cherry, etc.) <b>duckboard</b> -- A board or boardwalk laid across wet or muddy ground or flooring <b>dupatta</b> -- A long wide scarf often worn draped over the head or across the shoulders, chiefly by women in South Asia <b>dysarthria</b> -- Unclear articulation of otherwise normal speech <b>easement</b> -- 1. The act of anointing as part of a religious; 2. An ointment or oil; a salve <b>eau-de-nil</b> -- A pale yellowish green color, supposedly that of the color of the Nile (taken from the French for “water of the Nile”) <b>écorché</b> -- An anatomical representation of all or part of a human or animal body with the skin removed so as to display the musculature <b>efflorescence</b> -- 1. A gradual process of unfolding or developing; 2. the point or time of greatest vigor; the culmination <b>egregoric</b> -- Of or relating to the occult concept of a group mind, <i>egregore</i> <b>eidolon</b> -- An image of an ideal. An apparition. <b>eisegesis</b> -- Reading meaning into a text that is not there <b>Elbrus</b> -- A peak, 5,643 m (18,513 ft) high, in the Caucasus Mountains of southwest Russia near the border of Georgia. It is the highest elevation in Europe <b>eleemosynary</b> -- 1. Of, concerned with, or dependent on charity; 2. Given as an act of charity <b>elegiac</b> -- Of, relating to, or involving elegy or mourning or expressing sorrow for that which is irrecoverably past <b>embouchure</b> -- The mouth of a river <b>emolument</b> -- Payment for an office or employment; compensation <b>empennage</b> -- The tail assembly of an aircraft (page 223 of <i>Reamde</i>) <b>enantiodromia</b> -- The principle that a superabundance of a force produces its opposite <b>enceinte</b> -- Pregnant (from the French) <b>encomiast</b> -- A person who delivers or writes an encomium; a eulogist <b>encomium</b> -- Warm praise <b>endue</b> -- To provide with a quality or trait; endow <b>enfeoff</b> -- To invest (a person) with possession of a freehold estate in land <b>Ensor</b> -- Belgian expressionist painter, noted for his macabre subjects <b>entelechy</b> -- Actuality as opposed to potentiality (from Aristotelian philosophy) <b>entheogenic</b> -- Hallucinogenic, psychedelic, or mind-altering. It applies esp. to drugs or plants employed in mystical, religious, or spiritual ceremonies <b>entrepôt</b> -- A warehouse; a market or trading center (page 648 of <i>Reamde</i>) <b>enure</b> -- To toughen or harden by use or exposure; accustom; habituate (see <i>inure</i>) <b>enuresis</b> -- The involuntary discharge of urine; urinary incontinence <b>epeirogeny</b> -- Uplift or depression of the earth's crust, affecting large areas of land or ocean bottom <b>epenthesis</b> -- Insertion of a sound in a word <b>epergne</b> -- An ornamental stand or dish for holding fruit, flowers, etc., used as a centerpiece <b>epicurean</b> -- Devoted to the pursuit of sensual pleasure, esp. to the enjoyment of good food and comfort <b>epideictic</b> -- Designed primarily for rhetorical display <b>epigenetic</b> -- Denoting processes by which heritable modifications in gene function occur without a change in the sequence of the DNA <b>epigone</b> -- A second-rate imitator or follower, esp. of an artist or a philosopher <b>epigram</b> -- A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement (can be a poem); see <i>Yogi Berra</i> or <i>Groucho Marx</i> <b>epigraph</b> -- 1. An inscription, as on a statue or building; 2. a motto or quotation, as at the beginning of a literary composition, setting forth a them <b>epistemology</b> -- Study of the nature of knowledge <b>epistle</b> -- A literary composition in the form of a letter <b>epistolary</b> -- Of or associated with letters or the writing of letters <b>epitatic</b> -- [definition unknown] (from <i>Oblivion</i> by David Foster Wallace) <b>epithelium</b> -- Membranous tissue composed of one or more layers of cells separated by very little intercellular substance and forming the covering of most internal and external surfaces of the body and its organs <b>equanimity</b> -- The quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure <b>equerry</b> -- A personal attendant to the British royal household, generally responsible for the horses <b>ergodic</b> -- Of or relating to the probability that any state will recur <b>erysipelas</b> -- An acute streptococcal infectious disease of the skin, characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, and purplish raised lesions, esp. on the face. Also called: Saint Anthony's fire <b>Esau</b> -- In the Bible, the eldest son of Isaac and Rebecca who sold his birthright to his twin brother, Jacob, for a mess of pottage <b>eschatology</b> -- The branch of theology that is concerned with the end of the world or of humankind <b>escutcheon</b> -- Shield or emblem bearing a coat of arms <b>estaminet</b> -- A small café. <b>estivation</b> -- Dormancy or torpor during the summer <b>esurient</b> -- Hungry <b>etiolate</b> -- 1. To cause to appear pale and sickly; 2. to make weak by stunting the growth or development of <b>eudaemonic</b> -- Producing happiness and well-being <b>euphonium</b> -- A brass instrument similar to the tuba but having a somewhat higher pitch and a mellower sound <b>evanescent</b> -- Vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor, ephemeral or transitory, passing out of sight; fading away; vanishing <b>evection</b> -- Irregularity in the moon's motion caused by perturbations of the sun and planets <b>excrescent</b> -- Abnormal or excessive growth <b>exegesis</b> -- Critical explanation or analysis <b>exercitant</b> -- One who practices religious exercises <b>exiguous</b> -- Meager or extremely scanty <b>exophthalmic</b> -- Characterized by the prominence of the eyeballs <b>exordium</b> -- A beginning or introductory part, esp. of a speech or treatise <b>extrorse</b> -- Botanical term for facing outward or turned away from the axis <b>fain</b> -- Happily; gladly (<i>archaic</i>) <b>falchion</b> -- A short and slightly curved medieval sword broader towards the point <b>fantail</b> -- Overhanging stern of a boat (esp. a warship) <b>farrago</b> -- An assortment or a medley; a hodgepodge <b>fiacre</b> -- A small four-wheeled carriage <b>fillip</b> -- 1. A snap or light blow made by pressing a fingertip against the thumb and suddenly releasing it; 2. To stimulate or arouse (or something that does so) <b>finial</b> -- 1. An ornamental terminating part, as on a post or piece of furniture; 2. an ornament on top of a spire, gable <b>firedamp</b> -- Methane <b>firth</b> -- A long, narrow inlet <b>fissiparous</b> -- Having a tendency to divide into groups or factions <b>flews</b> -- The fleshy hanging upper lip of a bloodhound or similar dog <b>flocculent</b> -- Having a fluffy or woolly appearance; fleecy <b>flyblown</b> -- 1. Tainted; corrupt; 2. dirty or rundown; squalid <b>flyover</b> -- An overpass, as on a highway (chieflly British) <b>foolscap</b> -- A sheet of writing or printing paper measuring about 13 by 16 inches <b>foxed</b> -- Marked with spots or discoloration, as from age <b>frowsy</b> -- 1. Unkempt; slovenly; 2. ill-smelling; musty <b>fucus</b> -- A seaweed common to intertidal regions and typically having greenish-brown slimy fronds. See also <i>wrack</i> <b>fulsome</b> -- Excessively flattering; obsequious <b>fulsome</b> -- 1. Excessively flattering or insincerely earnest; sycophantic; 2. disgusting or offensive <b>fungible</b> -- Interchangeable <b>fungo</b> -- The act of tossing the ball upwards and hitting it as it descends, a ball hit in this manner or the light bat used to hit such balls <b>furbelow</b> -- 1. A ruffle or flounce on a garment; 2. piece of showy ornamentation <b>furze</b> -- Gorse; spiny evergreen shrubs <b>gaff</b> -- Barbed spear; stick with a hook on it <b>gaffer</b> -- An electrician in charge of lighting on a movie or television set <b>Galen</b> -- Greek anatomist, physician, and philosopher. His theories, which emphasized maintaining a balance of the four humors, formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance <b>Galicia</b> -- A region of east-central Europe on the north side of the Carpathians, now in SE Poland and Ukraine <b>gallimaufry</b> -- A jumble; a hodgepodge <b>gamelan</b> -- An Indonesian orchestra composed mainly of tuned percussion instruments such as bamboo xylophones, wooden or metal chimes, and gongs <b>gastrocnemius</b> -- The largest, most prominent muscle of the calf of the leg, the action of which extends the foot and bends the knee <b>gauleiter</b> -- A person in a position of petty or local authority who behaves in an overbearing authoritarian manner (from a provincial governor in Germany under Hitler) <b>Gehenna</b> -- 1. A place or state of torment or suffering. 2. The abode of condemned souls; hell <b>gentian</b> -- Any gentianaceous plant having blue, yellow, white, or red showy flowers <b>gentilic</b> -- Derived from a place name that depicts the residents of that place; see <i>demonym</i> <b>ghat</b> -- Stairs or a passage leading down to a river (from the Hindi) <b>gigue</b> -- A synonym for jig <b>glaucous</b> -- 1. Of a pale grayish or bluish green; 2. covered with a bluish waxy or powdery bloom <b>glean</b> -- To gather (something) slowly and carefully in small pieces (comes from the word for gathering useful remnants of a crop from a field after a harvest) <b>gnomic</b> -- Marked by aphorisms; aphoristic <b>godown</b> -- Warehouse (esp. in India) <b>goffer</b> -- An iron used for pressing ridges or narrow pleats, or ridges or pleats produced in this manner <b>gonfalon</b> -- A banner hung from a crosspiece, like in the Crusades <b>gowpen</b> -- A bowl formed by two hands (Scottish) <b>grace-and-favour</b> -- A house, flat, etc. owned by the sovereign and granted free of rent to a person to whom the sovereign wishes to express gratitude <b>gravamen</b> -- Material substance of a charge or complaint <b>greaves</b> -- Shin armor/guards <b>greenmail</b> -- The practice of a company buying sufficient shares in another company to threaten takeover and making a quick profit as a result of the threatened company buying back its shares at a higher price <b>griot</b> -- A member of a caste responsible for maintaining an oral record of tribal history in the form of music, poetry, and storytelling (chiefly in Western Africa) <b>grisaille</b> -- A style of monochromatic painting in shades of gray <b>grizzle</b> -- To make or become gray <b>groat</b> -- An English silver coin worth four pennies, taken out of circulation in the 17th century <b>groyne</b> -- Variant of groin <b>gudgen</b> -- Pivot; hinge; small fish; one who is easily duped (page 86 of the <i>Brothers Karamazov</i>) <b>guerdon</b> -- A reward; recompense <b>gurn</b> -- To complain, snarl or grimace (also <i>girn</i>; from the Scottish) <b>gyp</b> -- A fraud or swindle, or some who perpetrates same <b>ha-ha</b> -- A wall or other boundary marker that is set in a ditch so as not to interrupt the landscape <b>haecceity</b> -- The property that uniquely identifies an object <b>halvah</b> -- A confection of Turkish origin, made chiefly of ground sesame seeds and honey <b>hardtack</b> -- A hard biscuit or bread made with only flour and water. Also called sea biscuit, sea bread, ship biscuit <b>haruspicy</b> -- Divination by natural means (e.g. lightning) <b>hecatomb</b> -- A large-scale sacrifice or slaughter <b>heliotrope</b> -- Any of various plants that turn toward the sun <b>helotry</b> -- The condition of serfdom. <b>hermeneutics</b> -- Theory of interpretation (esp. religious texts) <b>heterachy</b> -- A formal structure (e.g. connected nodes) without any single permanent uppermost node <b>hierophant</b> -- An interpreter of sacred mysteries or arcane knowledge <b>hippocras</b> -- Wine flavored with spices <b>horripilated</b> -- Having goosebumps from either fear or cold or excitement <b>howdah</b> -- A seat for riding on an elephant's back, esp. one with a canopy <b>hoyden</b> -- Tomboy; a boisterous, high-spirited, saucy girl <b>hunker</b> -- To squat on one's heels (a synonym from Bill Burr: <i>Vietnamese gambler squat</i>) <b>hustings</b> -- A place where political campaign speeches are made <b>hyaline</b> -- Resembling glass, as in translucence or transparency; glassy <b>hypertelorism</b> -- Abnormal distance between two paired organs, esp. the eyes <b>iatrogenic</b> -- Unintentionally induced by a physician <b>icteric</b> -- Related to jaundice (to be ill with or a treatment) <b>idiolect</b> -- Unique linquistic pattern with a small group; mini-dialect <b>illeism</b> -- Referring to oneself in the third person <b>imbricate</b> -- To overlap in a regular pattern <b>immanent</b> -- Inherent <b>impecuniousness</b> -- The state of being poor; penury <b>impetigo</b> -- A contagious bacterial skin disease characterized by the formation of pustules that develop into yellowish crusty sores <b>incalescent</b> -- Growing hotter or more ardent <b>incarnadine</b> -- Of a fleshy pink color; blood-red <b>incunabula</b> -- An artifact of an early period (artifact of an early period) <b>indite</b> -- To set down in writing; to compose <b>infundibulum</b> -- Any of various funnel-shaped bodily passages, openings, structures, or parts, esp. the stalk of the pituitary gland <b>infusoria</b> -- Various microscopic organisms found in infusions of decaying organic matter <b>ingenuous</b> -- Candid; lacking in guile <b>inimical</b> -- Injurious or harmful in effect; adverse; unfriendly or hostile <b>inspissate</b> -- To thicken, as by evaporation <b>intarsia</b> -- A decorative inlaid pattern in a surface, esp. a mosaic worked in wood <b>interpellate</b> -- To question (a member of the government) on a point of government policy, often interrupting the business of the day <b>interpellation</b> -- An act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; see <i>interpellate</i> <b>intransitive</b> -- An intransitive verb, on the other hand, describes an action that does not happen to something or someone <b>inveigle</b> -- To obtain by cajolery; seduce <b>inverter</b> -- Any device for converting a direct current into an alternating current <b>invidious</b> -- Inciting ill will; troll-y; discriminatory; envious; <b>invigilator</b> -- Monitor or proctor who watches examination candidates to prevent cheating <b>irenic</b> -- Promoting peace; conciliatory. <b>irredentism</b> -- A national policy advocating the acquisition of some region in another country by reason of common linguistic, cultural, historical, ethnic, or racial ties. <b>irrefragably</b> -- Admittedly; fairly <b>jasper</b> -- An opaque cryptocrystalline variety of quartz that may be red, yellow, or brown <b>jequirity</b> -- Indian liquorice seeds; used to make black rosary beads <b>kedgeree</b> -- 1. A dish of India containing rice, lentils, and spices. 2. a dish of rice, fish, hard-boiled eggs, cream, and seasonings <b>kefir</b> -- A creamy drink made of fermented cow's milk <b>keloid</b> -- An abnormal proliferation of scar tissue, often pink, as on the site of a surgical incision <b>kermess</b> -- A fair or church dedication <b>kipper</b> -- A herring or salmon that has been split, salted, and smoked <b>kirtle</b> -- 1. A man's knee-length tunic or coat; 2. a woman’s dress or skirt <b>knelling</b> -- The process of disassembling something and arranging its parts <b>kukri</b> -- A knife with a curved blade that broadens towards the point, esp. as used by Gurkhas <b>kvass</b> -- A Russian fermented beverage similar to beer, made from rye or barley <b>kwashiorkor</b> -- Severe malnutrition of infants and young children, esp. soon after weaning, resulting from dietary deficiency of protein (comes from the Ghanan) <b>lability</b> -- The susceptibility to error or lapses of any kind, as a human failing <b>laburnum</b> -- Any leguminous tree or shrub of the Eurasian genus Laburnum, having clusters of yellow drooping flowers: all parts of the plant are poisonous <b>laconically</b> -- Marked by terseness or concision <b>lacuna</b> -- An empty space or a missing part; a gap <b>lagniappe</b> -- A small gift given with a purchase <b>lahar</b> -- A mass of volcanic fragments, often mixed with water (e.g. rain), moving rapidly down the side of a volcano <b>lambent</b> -- Flickering lightly (e.g. firelight); glowing with soft radiance, luminous <b>lapidary</b> -- Polisher or dealer in precious stones <b>lapillus</b> -- A small, solidified fragment of lava (pl. <i>lapilli</i>) <b>lascar</b> -- An East Indian sailor, army servant, or artillery trooper during the era of European colonialism in Asia <b>laterite</b> -- A red residual soil formed by the leaching of silica and by the enrichment with aluminum and iron oxides, esp. in humid climates <b>leal</b> -- Loyal and honest <b>lenity</b> -- The condition or quality of being lenient; leniency <b>Lepus</b> -- A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Orion and Columba <b>leyden jars</b> -- An early form of capacitor consisting of a glass jar lined inside and out with tinfoil and having a conducting rod connected to the inner foil lining and passing out of the jar through an insulated stopper <b>lictor</b> -- A Roman functionary who carried fasces when attending a magistrate in public appearances <b>lief</b> -- Beloved; ready or willing <b>limerence</b> -- Puppy love; a state of mind resulting from romantic attraction, characterized by feelings of euphoria, the desire to have one's feelings reciprocated, etc <b>liminal</b> -- Intermediate between two states, conditions, or regions; transitional or indeterminate <b>litotes</b> -- Understating by negation: no mean feat" <b>locus</b> -- A locality; a place <b>longueur</b> -- 1. A tedious passage in a work of literature or performing art; 2. a period of time filled with boredom or tedium <b>lorgnette</b> -- A pair of eyeglasses or opera glasses mounted on a handle <b>louche</b> -- Disreputable or sordid <b>lubricious</b> -- Overtly sexual; salacious <b>ludic</b> -- Showing spontaneous and undirected playfulness <b>lues</b> -- Any venereal disease (e.g. Syphilis); pestilence <b>lumbago</b> -- A painful condition of the lower back, as one resulting from muscle strain or a slipped disk <b>lyceum</b> -- A hall in which public lectures, concerts, and similar programs are presented <b>machicolation</b> -- A projecting gallery at the top of a castle wall, supported by a row of corbels and having openings in the floor through which stones and boiling liquids could be dropped on attackers (<i>machiolate</i>: to construct machicolations) <b>macrocarpa</b> -- A large coniferous tree of New Zealand, Cupressus macrocarpa, used for shelter belts on farms and for rough timber. Also called: Monterey cypress <b>maculate</b> -- <i>(v):</i> To spot, blemish, or pollute; <i>(n):</i> 1. Spotted, blotched, or stained. 2. Morally sullied or impure <b>madding</b> -- Acting madly; frenzied <b>maenad</b> -- 1. A frenzied woman; 2. a female member of the orgiastic cult of Dionysus <b>majolica</b> -- Italian earthenware covered with an opaque glaze of tin oxide and usu. highly decorated <b>malversation</b> -- Misbehavior and esp. corruption in an office, trust, or commission; corrupt administration <b>mandala</b> -- Any of various designs symbolizing the universe, usually circular <b>mandamus</b> -- A writ issued by a court requiring a public official or entity to perform a duty associated with that office or entity <b>manqué</b> -- 1. Unfulfilled; potential; would-be; 2. Unfulfilled or frustrated in the realization of one's ambitions or capabilities <b>manumission</b> -- To free from slavery or bondage; emancipate <b>manumit/manumission</b> -- To set free; release from slavery <b>martingale</b> -- Part of a bridle; half-belt on the back of a coat; doubling the stakes after each loss; stability rigging for the bowsprit or jib (see <a href="http://www.thefreedictionary.com/martingale">definition</a>) <b>mascon</b> -- Any of several lunar regions of high gravity <b>matutinal</b> -- Of, relating to, or occurring in the morning; early <b>megatherium</b> -- A large, extinct ground sloth that lived from the Miocene through the Pleistocene Epochs, primarily in South America. It was as large as an elephant, had long curved claws, and ate plants <b>meretricious</b> -- Gaudy <b>merkin</b> -- A pubic wig <b>merlon</b> -- The solid portion between crenels <b>metempsychosis</b> -- The theory of reincarnation <b>metonym</b> -- A word used in metonymy <b>metonymy</b> -- A synonym/metaphor; e.g. brass" for upper officers or "plastic" for credit cards" <b>mews</b> -- A group of buildings containing private stables that have been converted to residences <b>miasma</b> -- An unwholesome or oppressive atmosphere <b>micrognathia</b> -- Abnormally small jaw <b>minatory</b> -- Of a menacing or threatening nature; <i>minacious</i> <b>mirabile dictu</b> -- Wonderful to relate; amazing to say <b>misfeasance</b> -- Improper and unlawful execution of an act that in itself is lawful and proper. <b>moidore</b> -- A former Portuguese gold coin <b>moiety</b> -- One half <b>Moloch</b> -- Something possessing the power to exact severe sacrifice; a Semitic deity to whom parents sacrificed their children <b>mondegreen</b> -- Misinterpretation of song lyrics (e.g. Israeli Men" instead of "It's Raining Men")" <b>Monophysite</b> -- A person who holds that there is only one nature in the person of Christ, which is primarily divine with human attributes <b>monopsony</b> -- A situation in which the entire market demand for a product or service consists of only one buyer <b>morbific</b> -- Causing disease; pathogenic <b>morganatic</b> -- A marriage between nobility and lower rank, where titles and wealth are not shared <b>morion</b> -- A crested metal helmet; black or blackish-brown smoky quartz <b>morphetic</b> -- Of or relating to sleep or dreams <b>mudra</b> -- Ritual hand movements in Hindu religious dancing <b>mulct</b> -- 1. To penalize by fining or demanding forfeiture; 2. to cheat or defraud <b>mullet</b> -- Freshwater, spiny-finned fish <b>Munda</b> -- A family of languages spoken by scattered peoples throughout central India <b>murine</b> -- A family of rodents that includes mice and rats <b>murrain</b> -- Redwater fever, affecting livestock; a plague, epidemic or crop blight <b>musquash</b> -- Another name for muskrat <b>mutatis mutandis</b> -- The necessary changes having been made (e.g. when applying a concept from one domain to another, e.g. maritime law to space travel) <b>mythopoeic</b> -- Serving to create or engender myths; productive in mythmaking <b>naphthalene</b> -- A white crystalline volatile solid with a characteristic penetrating odour: an aromatic hydrocarbon used in mothballs and in the manufacture of dyes, explosives <b>natant</b> -- Floating or swimming in water <b>navvy</b> -- A laborer, esp. one employed in construction or excavation projects <b>neep</b> -- A dialect name for a turnip, chiefly British <b>nepenthe</b> -- Something that induces forgetfulness of sorrow or eases pain (mentioned in the <i>Odyssey</i>) <b>nescience</b> -- Ignorance; absence of awareness <b>Nestorianism</b> -- The doctrine that Christ was two distinct persons, divine and human, implying a denial that the Virgin Mary was the mother of God. It is attributed to Nestorius and survives in the Iraqi Church <b>neuralgic</b> -- Sharp, severe paroxysmal pain extending along a nerve or group of nerves <b>niello</b> -- A black metallic alloy (sulfur and copper, silver or lead <b>nigrescent</b> -- Blackish; dark <b>noctilucent</b> -- Luminous at night <b>noddle</b> -- <i>n:</i> The head or brains, chiefly British; <i>v:</i> to nod (the head), as through drowsiness <b>noisome</b> -- 1. Offensive to the point of arousing disgust; foul; 2. Harmful or dangerous <b>noosphere</b> -- The part of the biosphere that is affected by human thought, culture, and knowledge <b>numeraire</b> -- A unit or an item of commerce in which prices are measured <b>numinous</b> -- awe-inspiring, mysterious or spiritual; supernatural <b>nystagmus</b> -- A persistent, rapid, involuntary side-to-side eye movement <b>oblation</b> -- Any offering made for religious or charitable purposes (e.g. offering of the bread and wine of the Eucharist to God) <b>obloquy</b> -- 1. calumny; detractive language; 2. ill repute <b>obscurantist</b> -- Practicing deliberate vagueness <b>obsidional</b> -- Relating to a siege <b>occiput</b> -- Back of the head <b>ocherous</b> -- Ocher in color (or a mineral used to make that color) <b>ofay</b> -- A derogatory term for a White person (see <i>cracker</i>, <i>honky</i>, <i>peckerwood</i>) <b>ogee</b> -- A double curve, resembling an S, formed by the union of a concave and a convex line (often a molding or arch in this shape) <b>ogive</b> -- A diagonal rib or groin of a Gothic vault; 2. A distribution curve in which the frequencies are cumulative <b>oligopsony</b> -- A market with only very few buyers <b>omphalic</b> -- Of or relating to the navel <b>omphaloskepsis</b> -- Literally, the contemplation of one's navel, which is an idiom usually meaning complacent self-absorption <b>oneiric</b> -- Dream-like <b>ontology</b> -- The study of the essence of being <b>opprobrium</b> -- Ignominy; cause of shame or disgrace <b>optative</b> -- Indicating or expressing choice, preference, or wish <b>orgulous</b> -- Haughty; proud (<i>archaic</i>) <b>orison</b> -- A prayer, a devout petition to God or an object of worship <b>orogenesis</b> -- The process of mountain formation, esp. by a folding and faulting of the earth's crust <b>orotund</b> -- Pompous and bombastic; resonant; booming <b>orthography</b> -- The art or study of correct spelling according to established usage <b>osculation</b> -- A kiss (page 332 of <i>Doctor Sleep</i>) <b>osmically</b> -- Of or relating to odors or the sense of smell <b>osteitis</b> -- Inflammation of bone or bony tissue <b>ostler</b> -- Man who looks after horses at an inn <b>otiose</b> -- Lazy; indolent; serving no useful purpose <b>paillasse</b> -- A straw-filled mat or mattress (var. of palliasse) <b>palimpsest</b> -- A hand-written document <b>palingenesis</b> -- The doctrine of transmigration of souls; metempsychosis; the supposed repetition by an organism during its embryonic development of the stages in the evolution of its species, as asserted by the discredited biogenetic law <b>Palio</b> -- Italian Renaissance or Medieval festival <b>Palladian</b> -- Of, relating to, or characterized by wisdom or study <b>palliasse</b> -- A straw-filled mat or mattress (var. of paillasse) <b>palp</b> -- Either of a pair of sensory appendages that arise from the mouthparts of crustaceans and insects <b>panjandrum</b> -- A pompous self-important official or person of rank <b>pap</b> -- 1. A teat or nipple (archaic); 2. material lacking real value or substance; 3. soft or semiliquid food, as for infants <b>papillote</b> -- 1. A paper frill around cutlets; 2. cooked in oiled greaseproof paper or foil <b>pappus</b> -- A ring of fine feathery hairs surrounding the fruit in composite plants, such as the thistle; aids dispersal of the fruits by the wind <b>paraphilia</b> -- Any abnormal sexual behavior; sexual anomaly or deviation <b>paregoric</b> -- An opium derivative used to treat diarrhea <b>pari passu</b> -- At an equal pace; side by side <b>parlous</b> -- full of danger or uncertainty <b>paronomasia</b> -- Pun; play on words <b>parterre</b> -- A formally patterned flower garden <b>parve</b> -- Containing neither meat nor milk products and so fit for use with either meat or milk dishes (from Judaism) <b>pastern</b> -- The part of a horse's foot between the fetlock and hoof <b>pauldron</b> -- Shoulder protection in a suit of armor <b>peaky</b> -- Wan, emaciated, or sickly <b>peccant</b> -- Sinful; guilty; corrupt <b>peccary</b> -- A gregarious pig-like mammal that is found from the southwestern U.S. to Paraguay. (reference was “swarm […] like army ants on a drove of peccaries”.) <b>peculation</b> -- Embezzlement <b>pecuniary</b> -- Relating to money <b>pedology</b> -- 1. The scientific study of soils, including their origins, characteristics, and uses; 2. the study of the physical and mental development and characteristics of children <b>pelf</b> -- Lucre; wealth or riches, esp. when dishonestly acquired <b>pellucid</b> -- Transparent or translucent <b>penurious</b> -- Poverty-stricken; stingy; meager <b>percale</b> -- A closely woven cotton fabric used for sheets and clothing <b>percipient</b> -- Perceptive <b>perdurable</b> -- Enduring continuously; immortal <b>perfervid</b> -- Extremely or extravagantly eager; impassioned or zealous. <b>perfidy</b> -- Treachery; deliberate breach of faith <b>peripatetic</b> -- Mobile on foot; an itinerant <b>peristalsis</b> -- The wavelike muscular contractions of the digestive tract or other tubular structures by which contents are forced onward toward the opening <b>perseverate</b> -- To repeat a word, gesture, or act insistently or redundantly <b>persiflage</b> -- Banter; small-talk <b>perspicacious</b> -- Acutely perceptive or discerning <b>perspicuous</b> -- Clearly expressed or presented; lucid <b>pertinacious</b> -- Tenacious <b>pessary</b> -- A device for inserting into the vagina, either as a support for the uterus or (diaphragm pessary) to deliver a drug, such as a contraceptive <b>petitio principii</b> -- A form of fallacious reasoning in which the conclusion has been assumed in the premises; begging the question <b>Petronius</b> -- Roman courtier who is credited with writing the Satyricon <b>phaeton</b> -- A light, four-wheeled open carriage, usually drawn by a pair of horses <b>phalanstery</b> -- A self-sustaining cooperative community of the followers of Fourierism. Also called phalanx, or the buildings in such a community <b>pharisaic</b> -- Of, relating to, or characteristic of the Pharisees <b>philippic</b> -- A verbal denunciation characterized by harsh, often insulting language; a tirade <b>phillumenist</b> -- A person who collects matchbox labels <b>philogynist</b> -- A lover or friend of women; one who esteems woman as the higher type of humanity; antonym of <i>misogynist</i> <b>phlebotomy</b> -- The act or practice of opening a vein to let or draw blood as a therapeutic or diagnostic measure <b>phlegmatic</b> -- Having or suggesting a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional or apathetic <b>Phoebus</b> -- The sun <b>phthisis</b> -- A disease characterized by the wasting away or atrophy of the body or a part of the body (e.g. pulmonary tuberculosis) <b>phylactery</b> -- 1. A reminder or aid to remembering; 2. an amulet or charm (archaic); 3. either of the pair of blackened square cases containing parchments inscribed with biblical passages, bound by leather thongs to the head and left arm, and worn by Jewish men during weekday morning prayers (also called: <i>Tefillah</i>) <b>piacular</b> -- Making expiation for sacrilege; wicked <b>pilchard</b> -- A small, S European marine fish, Sardina pilchardus, related to the herring but smaller and rounder <b>pillock</b> -- A stupid or annoying person (chiefly British) <b>pinchbeck</b> -- Appearing valuable, but actually cheap and tawdry <b>piquant</b> -- Pleasantly sharp taste <b>pirogue</b> -- Any of various kinds of dugout canoes; also called <i>piragua</i> <b>piscatorial</b> -- Of or relating to fish, fishing, or fishermen <b>plangent</b> -- Loud and resounding <b>plastron</b> -- 1. A metal breastplate worn under a coat of mail; 2. a quilted pad worn by fencers to protect the torso and side; 3. The front of a man's dress shirt; 4. the ventral part of the shell of a turtle or tortoise <b>pleach</b> -- To plait or interlace (branches or vines, for example), esp. in making a hedge or an arbor (similar to <i>caning</i> for making chairs from same) <b>plenteous</b> -- Ample; abundant; copious <b>pleonasm</b> -- A newly created word <b>pleura</b> -- A thin serous membrane in mammals that envelops each lung and folds back to make a lining for the chest cavity <b>pleurisy</b> -- Inflammation of the pleura, characterized by pain that is aggravated by deep breathing or coughing <b>Plimsoll mark</b> -- A load line painted on the side of a cargo ship <b>plinth</b> -- A block or slab on which a pedestal, column, or statue is placed <b>plover</b> -- Any shore bird of the family Charadriidae, typically having a round head, straight bill, and large pointed wings <b>poetaster</b> -- A writer of insignificant, meretricious, or shoddy poetry <b>poleaxe</b> -- <i>(n):</i> An axe having a hammer face opposite the blade, used to slaughter cattle; <i>v:</i> To strike or fell with or as if with a poleaxe <b>poleyn</b> -- Knee protection in a suit of armor <b>polygyny</b> -- The condition or practice of having more than one wife at one time <b>polymath</b> -- A person of great or varied learning <b>pomace</b> -- The pulpy material remaining after the juice has been pressed from fruit, such as apples or grapes. Also called <i>marc</i> <b>poniard</b> -- 1. A small, slender dagger; 2. a dagger typically having a slender three- or four-sided blade <b>posset</b> -- A drink of hot milk curdled with ale, beer, etc, flavoured with spices, formerly used as a remedy for colds <b>pothouse</b> -- A small tavern or pub (chiefly British) <b>potsherd</b> -- A broken pottery fragment, esp. one of archaeological value <b>prang</b> -- 1. An accident or crash in an aircraft, car, etc; 2. to bomb from the air <b>prefatory</b> -- Of, relating to, or constituting a preface <b>prelapsarian</b> -- Of or relating to the period before the fall of Adam and Eve <b>premonitory</b> -- Giving premonition; serving to warn beforehand <b>prepossession</b> -- A prejudice or bias, esp. a favorable one <b>presbyopia</b> -- A progressively diminishing ability of the eye to focus, noticeable from middle to old age, caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens <b>preterite</b> -- A tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam <b>profligate</b> -- 1. Shamelessly immoral or debauched; 2. wildly extravagant or wasteful <b>prolegomenon</b> -- A preliminary discussion, especially a formal essay introducing a work of considerable length or complexity <b>proleptic</b> -- 1. The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in <i>the precolonial United States</i>; 2. the use of a descriptive word in anticipation of the act or circumstances that would make it applicable, as <i>dry</i> in <i>They drained the lake dry</i> <b>prolix</b> -- Tediously prolonged; wordy; longwinded <b>prone</b> -- Lying flat or face downwards; prostrate <b>propinquitous</b> -- Near; close in time, place or kinship (page 12 of <i>Main Street</i>) <b>propitious</b> -- Favorable; auguring well; gracious or favorably inclined <b>proprioception</b> -- Unconscious awareness of body movement, e.g. as the inner ear for balance (page 515 of <i>Reamde</i>) <b>prosector</b> -- A person who prepares or dissects anatomical subjects for demonstration <b>prosopagnosia</b> -- An inability to recognize faces <b>prosopopoeia</b> -- Literary device involve an absent person speaking; personification; ascribing agency to an inanimate object or concept <b>protasis</b> -- The dependent clause of a conditional sentence (i.e. the “if” part) <b>protodialectical</b> -- Definition unknown (from <i>Oblivion</i> by David Foster Wallace) (<i>dialectical</i> means “the art or practice of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments”) <b>psalmody</b> -- The act of singing psalms or hymns <b>psephology</b> -- The study of political elections and polling <b>psittacosis</b> -- A rickettsial disease affecting birds of the parrot family, pigeons, and domestic fowl, caused by the chlamydia Chlamydia psittaci and transmissible to humans <b>psychogenic</b> -- Having origin in the mind or in a mental condition or process <b>ptosis</b> -- Ptosis is the term used for a drooping upper eyelid <b>puericratic</b> -- [definition unknown] (from <i>Oblivion</i> by David Foster Wallace) <b>pugnacious</b> -- Combative in nature <b>pulchritude</b> -- Beauty <b>pullulate</b> -- To breed rapidly or abundantly <b>punctilio</b> -- A fine point of etiquette <b>purblind</b> -- 1. Slow in understanding or discernment; dull 2. Having poor vision; nearly or partly blind <b>purdah</b> -- Muslim practice of screening women from other men or strangers <b>purlieus</b> -- An outlying or neighboring area; outskirts; environs <b>purslane</b> -- A trailing plant (Portulaca oleracea) native to Eurasia, having small yellow flowers, reddish stems, and fleshy obovate leaves that can be cooked as a vegetable or used in salads <b>purulent</b> -- Containing, discharging, or causing the production of pus <b>pusillanimous</b> -- Cowardly <b>pyaemia</b> -- Blood poisoning characterized by pus-forming microorganisms in the blood <b>quiddity</b> -- 1. Essence of a thing; 2. a quibble <b>quidnunc</b> -- Busybody; Yenta <b>quiff</b> -- 1. A tuft of hair, esp. a forelock; 2. A woman regarded as promiscuous <b>quintain</b> -- A rotating target used in jousting exercises <b>quirt</b> -- A riding whip with a short, stiff handle and a lash made of two or more loose thongs <b>quit-rent</b> -- Payment for distinct rights that were connected with the full enjoyment of the land but not parceled up in the ownership of the land (mostly replaced with property taxes today) <b>quoin</b> -- An exterior angle of a wall or other piece of masonry <b>quokka</b> -- A short-tailed herbivorous marsupial (<i>Setonix brachyurus</i>) found in coastal areas of southwestAustralia <b>quondam</b> -- Former <b>racketeering</b> -- A person who engages in an illegal business or other organized illegal activities <b>raddled</b> -- Twisted together; interwoven <b>radome</b> -- A domelike shell transparent to radio-frequency radiation, used to house a radar antenna <b>raillery</b> -- Good-natured teasing or ridicule; banter <b>ramose</b> -- Having many branches <b>rawboned</b> -- Having a lean, gaunt frame with prominent bones <b>Reaumur</b> -- <i>archaic</i>: a temperature scale with the freezing point of water at 80º. <b>rebarbative</b> -- Tending to irritate; repellent <b>rebeck</b> -- Medieval instrument; a lute-like violin <b>recondite</b> -- Obscure; abstruse <b>recreant</b> -- 1. A faithless or disloyal person; 2. A coward <b>recrudescent</b> -- To break out anew or come into renewed activity, as after a period of quiescence <b>recumbentibus</b> -- A knockdown blow <b>redolent</b> -- Suggestive <b>reef</b> -- A vein of ore <b>relict</b> -- 1. Something that has survived; a remnant 2. A species that inhabits a much smaller geographic area than it did in the past, often because of environmental change <b>reliquary</b> -- A receptacle, such as a coffer or shrine, for keeping or displaying sacred relics <b>renascent</b> -- Becoming active or vigorous again <b>retromingent</b> -- One who urinates backwards <b>revanchism</b> -- The act of retaliating, esp. by a nation or group to regain lost territory or standing; revenge <b>revenant</b> -- 1. One that returns after a lengthy absence; 2. One who returns after death <b>Rhadamanthine</b> -- Strictly and uncompromisingly just <b>rhonchus</b> -- A snore or chest rattle <b>riprap</b> -- Piled broken stones used as a foundation or to stabilize an easily eroded bank or slope <b>risible</b> -- 1. Eliciting laughter; ludicrous 2. capable of laughing or inclined to laugh <b>Risorgimento</b> -- The period of or the movement for the liberation and political unification of Italy, beginning about 1750 and lasting until 1870 (from the Italian for “resurgence”) <b>rota</b> -- A work schedule <b>roué</b> -- A man who recklessly indulges in sensual pleasures; a rake <b>roundelay</b> -- A poem or song with a regularly recurring refrain (as much popular music) <b>rumbustiousness</b> -- Uncontrollably exuberant; unruly <b>Ruritanian</b> -- Of or relating to an imagined European kingdom characterized by provincialism, nationalism, and political intrigue; used in discussions of international law or economic theory <b>rusk</b> -- A light, soft-textured sweetened biscuit <b>sabine</b> -- A member of an ancient people of central Italy, conquered and assimilated by the Romans in 290 bc. <b>Saiva</b> -- One who worships Shiva <b>Salesian</b> -- Of or relating to St Francis of Sales or to the religious orders founded by him or by St John Bosco in his name <b>salmagundi</b> -- A mixture; a potpourri <b>saltire</b> -- A cross in heraldry <b>saltpeter</b> -- Naturally occurring potassium nitrate, used in making fireworks, gunpowder <b>salubrious</b> -- Wholesome <b>salwar</b> -- Loose pajamalike pants, typically having a drawstring waist and legs that narrow at the bottom, usually worn with a kameez <b>samizdat</b> -- Underground newspaper (from the Russian) <b>samphire</b> -- An edible coastal plant (<i>Crithmum maritimum</i>) in the parsley family, native to Eurasia (see <i>glasswort</i>) <b>sanguine</b> -- Cheerfully optimistic <b>sapper</b> -- 1. A military engineer who lays, detects, and disarms mines; 2. a soldier who digs trenches <b>Sapphism</b> -- Lesbianism <b>sastrugi</b> -- A long wavelike ridge of snow, formed by the wind and found on the polar plains <b>satori</b> -- A spiritual awakening sought in Zen Buddhism, often coming suddenly <b>satrap</b> -- Governor of a province in ancient Persia <b>satrapy</b> -- The territory or sphere under the rule of a satrap <b>saturnine</b> -- Slow and gloomy; morose <b>sawyer</b> -- A bobbing tree in a body of water <b>scapular</b> -- A monk's sleeveless outer garment that hangs from the shoulders and sometimes has a cowl <b>sciatheric</b> -- Belonging to a sundial <b>sciolist</b> -- A pretentious attitude of scholarship; superficial knowledgeability <b>scoria</b> -- Porous cinderlike fragments of dark lava. Also called cinders, slag <b>scoriatic</b> -- Cinder- or slag-like; rocky, craggy <b>scotophliic</b> -- Functioning best in darkness <b>scourge</b> -- A whip or lash <b>secondment</b> -- Temporary transfer to another position or employment <b>sedulously</b> -- Assiduous; constant in effort; persevering (from <i>A very short history of driving while black</i>) <b>seigneur</b> -- A man of rank, esp. a feudal lord in the ancien régime <b>seine</b> -- A fishing net or the act of using one (page 653 of <i>Reamde</i>) <b>semiotics</b> -- The study of systems of communication <b>sempiternal</b> -- Infinite; enduring forever <b>sempstress</b> -- A rare word for seamstress <b>seneschal</b> -- A steward or major-domo (in charge of servants) <b>sepulchritude</b> -- Tomb-like; also, sepulchral <b>sequacious</b> -- Unthinking and uncritical; slavish <b>sequela</b> -- A secondary consequence or result; condition resulting from a disease <b>serotype</b> -- A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens <b>sesquipedalian</b> -- Given to using long words <b>shako</b> -- A stiff, cylindrical military dress hat with a metal plate or badge in front, a short visor, and a plume or pompom <b>shibboleth</b> -- Outdated custom <b>shirty</b> -- Ill-tempered; angry <b>shockheaded</b> -- Having a head of bushy or tousled hair <b>shotcrete</b> -- Concrete conveyed through a hose and pneumatically projected at high velocity onto a surface. <b>sibilent</b> -- Hissing sound <b>sine qua non</b> -- An essential element or condition <b>skittles</b> -- Nine-pin bowling <b>soca</b> -- A style of music, originating in the West Indies, that is a blend of soul and calypso <b>sockdolager</b> -- Something outstanding; a final blow or remark, coup de grace <b>sodality</b> -- Fellowship; fraternity; association; society <b>soi-disant</b> -- Self-styled; so-called <b>solecism</b> -- A grammatical error <b>solon</b> -- A legislator <b>somatically</b> -- Corporeal or physical; of, relating to, or affecting the body, esp. as distinguished from a body part, the mind, or the environment <b>sommian</b> -- A volcanic caldera that has been partially filled by a new central cone <b>soviet</b> -- One of the popularly elected legislative assemblies that were created after the Russian Revolution (1917) and existed at local, regional, and national levels in the former Soviet Union. <b>spadix</b> -- A fleshy clublike spike bearing minute flowers, usually enclosed within a sheathlike spathe, characteristic of aroid plants such as the jack-in-the-pulpit <b>spall</b> -- A chip, fragment, or flake from a piece of stone or ore <b>spatchcock</b> -- To prepare for roasting or grilling by splitting open <b>spathe</b> -- A leaflike bract that encloses or subtends a flower cluster or spadix, as in the jack-in-the-pulpit <b>spavined</b> -- Decrepit or worn out <b>speculum</b> -- 1. A mirror or polished metal plate used as a reflector in optical instruments; 2. An instrument for dilating the opening of a body cavity for medical examination; 3. A bright, often iridescent patch of color on the wings of certain birds, esp. ducks 4. A transparent spot in the wings of some butterflies or moths. <b>spinel</b> -- A hard, glassy mineral composed of magnesium-aluminum oxide found in metamorphosed limestones and many basic and ultrabasic igneous rocks <b>spinet</b> -- A small, compact upright piano <b>spitchcock</b> -- An eel split and grilled or fried; see <i>spatchcock</i> <b>sporran</b> -- A leather or fur pouch worn at the front of the kilt in the traditional dress of men of the Scottish Highlands <b>sprue</b> -- 1. The hole through which molten material is channeled into a mold; 2. The usually plastic rod or framework that secures molded objects, such as model parts <b>squamous</b> -- Covered with or formed of scales; scaly <b>staggers</b> -- Any of various diseases in animals, esp. horses, cattle, or other domestic animals, that are characterized by a lack of coordination in moving <b>stele</b> -- An upright stone or slab with an inscribed or sculptured surface, used as a monument or as a commemorative tablet in the face of a building. <b>stochastic</b> -- Describes something that was <b>stolon</b> -- A long thin stem that usually grows horizontally along the ground and produces roots and shoots at widely spaced nodes, as in a strawberry plant. Also called <i>runner</i>. <b>stot</b> -- To jump straight up with straight legs (e.g. antelope) <b>stoush</b> -- A fight or brawl <b>strabismus</b> -- The condition of being cross-eyed <b>strath</b> -- A strath is a large valley, typically a river valley that is wide and shallow <b>Strega</b> -- The Italian word for witch <b>stridulate</b> -- To produce a shrill grating, chirping, or hissing sound by rubbing body parts together, as certain insects do <b>stroppy</b> -- Bad-tempered and argumentative <b>stylobate</b> -- The immediate foundation of a row of classical columns <b>suasion</b> -- Persuasion <b>succussation</b> -- Trotting, shaking <b>Suetonius</b> -- Roman historian whose major work, Lives of the Caesars, is an account of the lives of the first 12 Roman emperors <b>sui generis</b> -- Unique <b>sumptuary</b> -- Laws or limits on private expenses <b>supererogation</b> -- Doing more than required <b>supernacular</b> -- First-rate <b>supine</b> -- Lying on the back or having the face upward <b>swingeing</b> -- Extreme in effect; drastic <b>swot</b> -- To cram; derogatory term for a person who crams <b>syce</b> -- A stableman or groom, esp. in India <b>syenite</b> -- An igneous rock composed primarily of alkali feldspar together with other minerals, such as hornblende <b>syllepsis</b> -- See <i>zeugma</i> <b>syncretic</b> -- 1. Reconciliation or fusion of differing systems of belief, as in philosophy or religion, esp. when success is partial or the result is heterogeneous; 2. The merging of two or more originally different inflectional forms in linguistics. <b>synecdoche</b> -- A trope whereby a part is used as a label for the whole (e.g. hand" for "sailor")" <b>tabard</b> -- A tunic or capelike garment worn by a knight over his armor and emblazoned with his coat of arms <b>tabes</b> -- A wasting of a bodily organ or part <b>tallboy</b> -- A high chest of drawers made in two sections and placed one on top of the other; chest-on-chest <b>talmudic</b> -- Related to the collection of ancient Rabbinic writings constituting the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism <b>tangible</b> -- Discernible by the touch; palpable <b>tapotement</b> -- Rapid massage <b>tarpon</b> -- Either of two large marine game fishes having a bluish-green back and silvery sides (Megalops cyprinoides of the Pacific and Indian Oceans or M. atlanticus of Atlantic coastal waters) <b>tegument</b> -- A natural outer covering; an integument <b>Telemachus</b> -- The son of Odysseus and Penelope, who helped his father kill Penelope's suitors <b>teleology</b> -- The philosophical interpretation of natural phenomena as exhibiting purpose or design <b>telluric</b> -- Of or relating to Earth; terrestrial <b>telos</b> -- End of a goal-oriented process <b>temerarious</b> -- In an audacious manner <b>tempera</b> -- A painting medium in which pigment is mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size or egg yolk <b>tendentious</b> -- Partisan; marked by or favoring a particular point of view <b>tenebrous</b> -- Dark and gloomy <b>tensegrity</b> -- An architectural technique that involves tensional integrity or floating compression (see <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensegrity">Wikipedia</a>) <b>tephra</b> -- Solid matter that is ejected into the air by an erupting volcano <b>Termagant</b> -- A scold; a shrew <b>thaumaturgic</b> -- The working of miracles or magic feats <b>theodicy</b> -- A vindication of God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil <b>theodolite</b> -- A surveying instrument <b>theophany</b> -- An appearance of a god to a human; a divine manifestation <b>throstle</b> -- 1. Any of various thrushes, esp. a song thrush; 2. A machine formerly used for spinning fibers such as cotton or wool <b>thurible</b> -- A censer used in certain ecclesiastical ceremonies or liturgies <b>thylacine</b> -- Tasmanian tiger; an extinct or very rare doglike carnivorous marsupial <b>titivate</b> -- To decorate or spruce up <b>tocsin</b> -- An alarm sounded on a bell <b>tontine</b> -- A common fund with increasing annuity for each member's death and the last living member gets everything <b>toothsome</b> -- Delicious, luscious, pleasant, attractive, sexually attractive or exciting <b>topolect</b> -- The language or speech of a particular place (e.g. Züridütsch) <b>torrid</b> -- 1. Parched with the heat of the sun; intensely hot; 2. Passionate; ardent <b>tosh</b> -- Rubbish; nonsense <b>tournure</b> -- Implement to expand a dress; a bustle <b>tracklement</b> -- Savory jelly served with meat <b>trenchant</b> -- Clear-cut; forceful or convincing <b>trepidation</b> -- A state of alarm or dread; apprehension <b>tressure</b> -- A narrow inner border on a shield, usually decorated with fleurs-de-lys <b>tripe</b> -- Something of no value; rubbish <b>trope</b> -- Metaphor or non-literal figure of speech <b>trow</b> -- To think or suppose <b>truckle</b> -- 1. A small wheel/caster; 2. to be servile <b>tsuris</b> -- Problems or difficulties (Yiddish) <b>trypophobia</b> -- An intense, irrational fear of objects with small holes <b>tumid</b> -- 1. Swollen; distended. Used of a body part or organ; 2. Of a bulging shape; protuberant; 3. Overblown; bombastic <b>turnkey</b> -- Supplied, installed, or purchased in a condition ready for immediate use, occupation, or operation <b>ukase</b> -- An authoritative order or decree; an edict <b>unction</b> -- Something that serves to soothe; a balm <b>unctuous</b> -- Excessively ingratiating or insincerely earnest; oily <b>undecillion</b> -- The cardinal number equal to 10<sup>36</sup>; British: 10<sup>66</sup> <b>usquebaugh</b> -- Whiskey <b>usufruct</b> -- Right to use the property of others <b>uxorious</b> -- Love of or submission to one's wife <b>vade mecum</b> -- 1. A useful thing that one constantly carries about; 2. A book, such as a guidebook, for ready reference. <b>vair</b> -- Red-squirrel fur; often used a trimming <b>valetudinarian</b> -- 1. Chronically ailing; sickly; 2. Constantly and morbidly concerned with one's health <b>vambrace</b> -- Forearm armor <b>vastation</b> -- Quick destruction; from the Italian <i>vastare</i>. <b>vatic</b> -- Of or characteristic of a prophet; oracular (see <i>veridical</i>) <b>vecturist</b> -- A collector of tokens used in buses and subways <b>veisalgia</b> -- A hangover (from the Norwegian for “suffering after debauchery”) <b>vellum</b> -- A fine parchment made from calfskin, lambskin, or kidskin and used for the pages and binding of books <b>venery</b> -- The indulgence in or pursuit of sexual activity <b>verdigris</b> -- A green patina or crust of copper sulfate or copper chloride formed on copper, brass, and bronze exposed to air or seawater for long periods of time <b>veridical</b> -- 1. Truthful; veracious; 2. Coinciding with future events or apparently unknowable present realities (see <i>vatic</i>) <b>verisimilitude</b> -- Believable; appearing to be true <b>vermilion</b> -- Brilliant or vivid red (also written <i>vermillion</i>) <b>versipellous</b> -- Changeable, protean <b>vesicle</b> -- A sac or cyst, esp. one containing fluid <b>vespertine</b> -- Of, relating to, or occurring in the evening (e.g. active or blooming in the evening) <b>vicissitude</b> -- Slings and arrows <b>vigorish</b> -- 1. A fee charged for the placement of bets by an illegal gambling broker or establishment; 2. Frequent and excessive interest payments charged by an illegal moneylender <b>villein</b> -- One of a class of feudal serfs who held the legal status of freemen in their dealings with all people except their lord <b>vinous</b> -- 1. Of, relating to, or made with wine; 2. Having the color of wine <b>violaceous</b> -- Of a violet color; reddish blue <b>virago</b> -- 1. A woman regarded as noisy, scolding, or domineering; 2. A large, strong, courageous woman <b>volvulus</b> -- Abnormal twisting of the intestine causing obstruction <b>wale</b> -- One of the heavy planks or strakes extending along the sides of a wooden ship <b>weeper</b> -- A hole or pipe in a wall to allow water to run off <b>whin</b> -- Any spiny European evergreen shrub having rudimentary leaves and yellow flowers (also called <i>gorse</i> or <i>furze</i>) <b>whipping boy</b> -- Scapegoat; a boy formerly raised with a prince or other young nobleman and whipped for the latter's misdeeds <b>widdershins</b> -- In a contrary or counterclockwise direction <b>withe</b> -- Also <i>withy</i>; a tough, supple twig, used to bind <b>yonic</b> -- Related the vagina, esp. religious rel. to Shakti <b>zazen</b> -- The primary form of meditation in Zen Buddhism, practiced while sitting cross-legged <b>zeugma</b> -- When a word applies to two others in jarringly different ways (e.g. <i>John and his license expired yesterday.</i>) <b>zoetrope</b> -- A mechanical device consisting of a rotating drum ringed with narrow apertures through which an animated image is viewed </ol>